Речник

анестетици

на латински език: anaesthetica
на английски език: anaesthetics

обезчувствяващи, обезболяващи лекарствени средст­ва

Общи и локални анестетици

1.    Общи анестетици (средства за наркоза) :

a.    Инхалационни анестетици :

•    Nitrous oxide – NO2

•    Aether aetylicus - C2H5-O-C2H5

•    Halothane (2-Bromo-2-chloro-1,1,1-trifluoroethane) 

b.    Неинхалационни анестетици :

•    Methohexital sodium (5-allyl-1-methyl-5-(1-methyl-2-pentynyl) barbituric acid sodium salt)

•    Thiopental sodium (5-ethyl-5-(1-methylbutyl)-2-thiobarbituric acid sodium salt)

•    Hexobarbital soluble (5-(1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-1,5-dimethyl barbituric acid)

•    Ketamine (Ketalar) (+ or -)-2-(2-Chlorophenyl)-2-(methylamino) cyclohexanon

•    Propanidid (Epontol, Sombrevin) (4-[2-(Diethylamino)-2-oxoethoxy]-3-methoxybenzeneacetic acid propyl ester) или ([4-[(diethylcarbamoyl)methoxy]-3-methoxyphenyl]acetic acid propyl ester)

•    Etomidate (R)-1-(1-Phenylethyl)-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylic acid ethyl ester

2.    Локални анестетици (местни анестетици) :

a.    Естери

•    Procaine (4-Aminobenzoic acid 2-(diethyl amino)ethyl ester)

•    Benzocaine (Anaesthesin) (4-Aminobenzoic acid ethyl ester)

•    Tetracaine (Dicain) (p-butylaminobenzoyl-2-dimethyl aminoethanol hydrochloride)

b.    Амиди

•    Lidocaine (2-(Diethylamino)-N-(2,6-dimethylphenyl)acetamide)

•    Trimecaine (Mesocain) (2-Diethylamino-2`,4`,6`-trimethyl acetanilide)

•    Tolycaine (Baycain) (2-methyl-6-carbomethoxy- N- diethyl aminoacetanilide)

•    Carticaine (Articaine) (4-Methyl-3-[[1-oxo-2-(propylamino)propyl]amino]-2-thiophenecarboxylic acid methyl ester)














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